Demand the Release of Yvon Neptune
May 03, 2005
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Demand the Release of Yvon Neptune

May 3, 2005 - Political prisoner Yvon Neptune, Haiti's last constitutional Prime Minister, lies on the verge of death from a hunger strike, initiated because the de facto Haitian coup government has jailed him for 10 months without formal charges, in violation of Haiti's constitution. The National Coalition for Haitian Rights (NCHR), a widely discredited, USAID funded anti-Aristide group, has accused Neptune of participation in a massacre in the city of St. Marc in February 2004, but the illegal coup government has never offered any proof the massacre actually took place, and U.N. independent expert on human rights Louis Joinet recently dismissed accounts of the massacre.

Neptune has vowed to continue his hunger strike until he is either charged or released. The illegal "interim" regime of Gerard Latortue could easily meet this demand, but refuses. They should therefore concede they have no real case against Neptune and release him from prison.

Though recent news reports indicate the Latortue government may fly Neptune out of the country, Neptune has long insisted he has no desire to leave Haiti. He wants to either face an honest legal process or be released.

On May 1, Marguerite Laurent of the Haitian Lawyers' Leadership Network, who visited Neptune in March 2005, and spoke with his family over the weekend, wrote, "Mr. Neptune's family stresses that Yvon Neptune would never go into exile; that he has repeatedly maintained this position: That he is an innocent man, wrongfully accused of a massacre that the UN, the international press and reputable human rights organizations say did not happen [...] he will not leave prison unless a judge has signed his liberation order and acknowledged his innocence of all crimes."

Please contact Kofi Annan and UN Human Rights Representative in Haiti Mahamane Cisse-Guoro and tell them that they must direct the coup government to finally release Neptune.

Hon. Kofi Annan, Secretary-General United Nations
United Nations Headquarters
First Avenue at 46th Street New York, NY 10017
Fax No. (212) 963-4879

Mahamane Cisse-Guoro - mcissegouro@undp.org
UN Human Rights Office in Haiti UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)


from May 2
Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti (ijdh.org) action alert

Yvon Neptune Ill, But Refuses to Leave Haiti Without Justice Human Rights Group Denounces Unconstitutional Plan to Send an Unconscious Neptune Into Exile

Political prisoner Yvon Neptune, seriously ill and on day 16 of a hunger strike, remains incarcerated in Haiti despite persistent reports in the Haitian and international press that he has been flown out of the country. Mr. Neptune, Haiti's last constitutional Prime Minister, has insisted for months that he will not leave the prison until the Interim Haitian Government either tries him for the allegations against him or drops the charges. The interim government is seeking to defuse criticism of its political prisoner policies by forcing Mr. Neptune to leave the country without going to court. The Group for the Defense of the Rights of Political Prisoners (GDP), a Haitian human rights organization, reports that the government plans to wait until Mr. Neptune loses consciousness, then transport him out of the country.

On Saturday, April 30 and Sunday, May 1, several media outlets, including the Associated Press, ABC News and Radio Kiskeya in Haiti reported that Mr. Neptune was about to leave or had already left. Those reports, based on sources within the Haitian government and a foreign embassy, were not true. As of 2 PM Monday, May 2 (Haiti time), Mr. Neptune remains in prison.

Yvon Neptune has been in prison since June 2004, when he turned himself into police after hearing a radio announcement of a warrant for his arrest. He has never been brought before the judge in his case, despite a constitutional requirement of a hearing within 48 hours. Mr. Neptune has received several death threats, and at least three assassination plots have been reported against him.

Human rights groups, including the GDP and Amnesty International, world leaders like UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, and religious leaders like Bishop Thomas Gumbleton and Rev. Gerard Jean-Juste have called for Mr. Neptune's release or trial. On April 19, a team of lawyers from the Bureau des Avocats Internationaux, the Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti and the Hastings Human Rights Project for Haiti filed a complaint before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on Neptune's behalf (see http:/www.ijdh.org/rticles/rticle_recent_news_april-4-19-05.htm).

For months, Mr. Neptune has insisted that he will not leave until the government brings his case to trial or admits that the charges were without foundation. In February, he even voluntarily returned to the prison after he was removed at gunpoint during a prison break. Over the weekend, his family members reiterated that he refuses to leave Haiti without seeing justice done.

Haiti's interim government attempted to deflect the growing international pressure for Neptune's release by offering to fly him to the Dominican Republic over the weekend for treatment. Neptune, refused, once again insisting on justice, not an easy escape for either himself or the interim government.

According to Ronald Saint-Jean, the Secretary-General of the Group for the Defense of the Rights of Political Prisoners (GDP), government sources indicate that the authorities plan to wait until Mr. Neptune loses consciousness, then transport him out of the country. Mr. Saint-Jean, and GPD's lawyer, Mario Joseph of the Bureau des Avocats Internationaux, "energetically protest against this cynical and criminal measure." They note the irony that the government can quickly arrange transport to a hospital in the Dominican Republic, but could not transport Mr. Neptune before a judge in over 10 months.

Saint-Jean and Joseph note that Neptune's forced exile would be yet another violation of his constitutional rights, as Article 41 states clearly that "no Haitian National can be deported or forced to leave the national territory for any reason whatsoever."

For more information:

Groupe de Defense des Droits Des Prisonniers Politiques, Ronald Saint-Jean, Secretary-General: 509-244-1254, 509-588-7550 (Haiti)

Bureau des Avocats Internationaux, Mario Joseph, Managing Lawyer: 509-554-4284, 509-221-8686 (Haiti)

Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti, Brian Concannon Jr., Director: 541-432-0597 (USA), BrianHaiti@aol.com, www.ijdh.org (background information on Yvon Neptune's case, including the complaint filed before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network, Marguerite Laurent (spoke with Neptune family members over the weekend), www.margueritelaurent.com

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